- Hydraulic fracturing (or “fracing”) is the act of injecting pressurized fluid into rock formations to create fractures. These fractures allow the release of petroleum, natural gas and other substances for extraction.
- Fracing is a water-intensive activity. For instance, a single well fracturing can require three to seven million gallons (nine to 21 acre-feet) of water.
- There are currently 1,400 horizontal drilling rigs operating in North America that require millions of gallons of water for daily completions efforts.
- This volume of water could have provided the interior, domestic needs of hundreds of thousands of households for an entire year.
- Currently, 1,584 counties in 32 states are considered disaster areas due to drought conditions (more than one half of all US counties). As these drought conditions persist, high water volume fracking will come under increasing public scrutiny.
- The use of reclaimed water offers oil and gas producers a sustainable, environmentally responsible alternative so they may continue exploring and developing our domestic energy sources.
Sources: JP Nicot, Bureau of Economic Geology,http://www.dvn.com/CorpResp/Documents/HydraulicFracturingWaterUse.pdf